BASIC STRUCTURE

Symbol

NOTES IN 4/4 TIME

Whole Half Quarter Eight
Symbol Symbol Symbol Symbol

RESTS IN 4/4 TIME

Whole Half Quarter Eight
Symbol Symbol Symbol Symbol

FLATS - SHARPS

Flat Double
Flat
Sharp Double
Sharp
Natural
Symbol Symbol Symbol Symbol Symbol

REPEATS

Symbol
Symbol   DAL SEGNO (Italian: The Sign)

Bypass the first time
Return from the D.S. al Coda



D.S. al Coda

Return to the DAL SEGNO




Symbol CODA

Skip to the Coda
as instructed

DYNAMICS

Symbol   EXTREMELY SOFT

Symbol   VERY SOFT

Symbol   SOFT

Symbol   MODERATELY SOFT


Symbol   FORCED

Symbol   EXTREMELY LOUD

Symbol   VERY LOUD

Symbol   LOUD

Symbol   MODERATELY LOUD

RELATIONSHIPS

Symbol   TIE: Play or sing two (or more) notes joined together as one note with the time values added together

Symbol   SLUR: Play or sing two or more notes in one physical stroke or one uninterrupted breath

Symbol   GLISSANDO: Play a continuous, unbroken glide from one note to the next including all the notes in between

Symbol   TUPLET: Play the indicated number of notes within the duration of a given number of notes of regular time value

Symbol CHORD: Play each note simultaneously

Symbol   ARPEGGIATED CHORD: Play each note in rapid succession

Symbol   STACCATO: Play the note more quickly than notated

Symbol   ACCENT: Play the note more loudly than near-by unaccented notes

Symbol   BIRD'S EYE: A note, chord, or rest sustained longer than its usual value

Symbol   TREMOLO: A rapidly repeated note. If the tremolo is between two notes, they are played in rapid alternation